• Vitamins are an essential part of all diets, both in normal individuals and in those requiring nutritional support;
  • Patients requiring intravenous nutrition should receive vitamins from the beginning of their intravenous nutrition (IV);
  • Trace elements are an essential part of all diets, both in normal individuals and in those requiring nutritional support;
  • Patients requiring intravenous nutrition should receive trace elements from the beginning of their IV nutrition;
  • To minimize the effects of oxidative stress on the body, it is important to ensure appropriate intake of dietary antioxidants;
  • Dietary antioxidants are found particularly in the form of vitamins A, C, and E, and as the trace element selenium.